HYPERTENSION ( HIGH BLOOD PRESSURE )

stages-of-hypertension
Takenoko News

HYPERTENSION ( HIGH BLOOD PRESSURE )

1. WHAT IS HYPERTENSION

High blood pressure is a common condition in which the long-term force of the blood against the artery walls is high enough that it may eventually cause health problems, such as heart disease.

Blood pressure is determined both by the amount of blood your heart pumps and the amount of resistance to blood flow in your arteries. The more blood your heart pumps and the narrower your arteries, the higher your blood pressure.

Uncontrolled high blood pressure increases your risk of serious health problems, including heart attack and stroke. That is why, Hypertension is also called as on of the silent killers.

High blood pressure generally develops over many years, and it affects nearly everyone eventually. Fortunately, high blood pressure can be easily detected. And once you know you have high blood pressure, you can work with your doctor to control it.

 
2. CAUSE

The causes of hypertension are multifactorial, meaning there are several factors whose combined effects produce hypertension.

  • High salt intake or salt sensitivity: This occurs in certain populations such as the elderly, African Americans, people who are obese, or people with kidney (renal) problems.
  • Genetic predisposition to high blood pressure: People who have one or two parents with hypertension have high blood pressure incidence about twice as high as the general population.
  • A particular abnormality of the arteries, which results in an increased resistance (stiffness or lack of elasticity) in the tiny arteries (arterioles): This increased peripheral arteriolar stiffness develops in individuals who are also obese, do not exercise, have high salt intake, and are older.

 

3. SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS

Most people with high blood pressure have no signs or symptoms, even if blood pressure readings reach dangerously high levels.

Even without symptoms, damage to blood vessels and your heart continues and can be detected.

A few people with high blood pressure may have headaches, shortness of breath or nosebleeds, but these signs and symptoms aren’t specific and usually don’t occur until high blood pressure has reached a severe or life-threatening stage.

 

4. RISK FACTORS

There are some factors that increase your risk of developing high blood pressure, which you cannot control. These include:

  • Age: as you get older, the effects of an unhealthy lifestyle can build up and your blood pressure can increase.
  • Ethnic origin: people from African-Caribbean and South Asian communities are at greater risk than other people of high blood pressure.
  • Family history: you are at greater risk if other members of your family have, or have had, high blood pressure.

Some people may have high blood pressure that is linked to another medical condition, such as kidney problems.

If you wish to know further information, our team in Takenoko would be more than happy to assist you.

 

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